Joseon-era landscapes unveiled
The late Joseon Dynasty is known for its Jingyeong landscape paintings. Jingyeong, or “true image,” landscape paintings were developed during the late Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910) over a 160-year period from about the 1670s to the 1830s. This era is characterized by artists who depict the “true landscape” of natural objects, like mountains and rivers, with “realistic” brush strokes that are vividly descriptive of nature, topography and the sentiment of the time. Such Jingyeong landscape pieces are considered to enshrine not only natural features, but everyday life and the spirit of the Joseon period. A great Jingyeong era landscape painter, credited with pioneering this realistic painting style, is now being featured in a special exhibition titled “The Album of Jeong Seon Returns to Korea” at the National Palace Museum of Korea. The Jingyeong era stretches from the reign of the 19th Joseon monarch, King Sukjong (r. 1674-1720), through to the final years of the 22nd and 23rd Joseon monarchs, King Jeongjo (r. 1776-1800) and King Sunjo (r. 1800-1834). It was believed that all Jingyeong paintings had been discovered. However, a recent collection of paintings has recently re-appeared in Germany. A collection of 21 paintings by Jeong Seon (鄭敾) (1676-1759) who went by the penname Gyeomjae (謙齋), was revealed to the public for the first time on November 26.
Jeong Seon’s landscape “Guryong Falls” (Photo courtesy of the Overseas Korean Cultural Heritage Foundation)
Visitors appreciate the album of Jeong Seon’s paintings, on display at the National Palace Museum of Korea. (Photo: Sohn JiAe)
By Sohn JiAe
Korea.net Staff Writer